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Inter-Garments Co. manufactures garments for export and requires its employees to render overtime work ranging from two to three hours a day to meets its clients deadlines. Since 2009, it has been paying its employees on overtime an additional 35% of their hourly rate for work rendered in excess of their regular eight working hours.
Due to the slowdown of its export business in 2012, Inter-Garments had to reduce its overtime work; at teh same time, it adjusted the overtime rates so that those who worked overtime were only paid an aditional 25% instead of the previous 35%. To replace the workers’overtime rate loss, the company granted a one-time 5% across-the-board wage increase.
Vigilant Union, the rank-and-file bargaining agent, charged the company with Unfair Labor Practice on the ground that (1) no consultations had been made on who would render overtime work; and (2) the unilaterial overtime pay rate reduction is a violation of Article 100 (entitled Prohibition Against Elimination or Diminution of Benefits) of the Labor Code.
Is the union position meritorious? (8%)