2016 (Labor Law) Bar Exam Questions: Question 12

[Answer/discuss the question below, or see 2016 bar exam Labor Law Instructions; 2016 Labor Law Questions: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 1113, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, and 20; See also 2016 Bar Exam: Information, Discussions, Tips, Questions and Results]


Amaya was employed as a staff nurse by St. Francis Hospital (SFH) on July 8, 2014 on a probationary status for six (6) months. Her probationary contract required, among others, strict compliance with SFH’s Code ofDiscipline.

On October 16, 2014, Dr. Ligaya, filed a Complaint with the SFH Board of Trustees against Amaya for uttering slanderous remarks against the former. Attached to the complaint was a letter of Minda, mother of a patient, who confirmed the following remarks against Dr. Ligaya:

“Bakit si Dr. Ligaya pa ang napili mong ‘pedia’ eh ang tanda- tanda na n’un? E makakalimutin na yun x x x Alam mo ba, kahit wala namang diperensya yung baby, ipinapa-iso/ate nya?”

The SFH President asks you, being the hospital’s counsel, which of these two (2) options is the legal and proper way ofterminating Amaya: a) terminate her for a just cause under Article 288 of the Labor Code (Termination by Employer); or b) terminate her for violating her probationary contract. Explain. (5%)

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