[Answer/discuss the question below, or see 2017 bar exam Labor Law Instructions; 2016 Labor Law and Social Legislation Questions: 1, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, and 13; See also 2017 Bar Exam: Information, Discussions, Tips, Questions and Results]
The Regional Tripartite Wages and Productivity Board (RTWPB) for Region 3 issued a wage order on November 2, 2017 fixing the minimum wages for all industries throughout Region 3.
(a) Is the wage order subject to the approval of the National Wages and Productivity Commission before it takes effect? (2%)
(b) The law mandates that no petition for wage increase shall be entertained within a period of 12 months from the effectivity of the wage order. Under what circumstances may the Kilusang Walang Takot, a federation of labor organizations that publicly and openly assails the wage order as blatantly unjust, initiate the review of the wage increases under the wage order without waiting for the end of the 12-month period? Explain your answer. (3%)