Author Archives: Atty. Fred

Tinkering with internet tools comes with the bonus of better understanding how existing laws apply to the third wave - that of technology, particularly the internet. This is also a great medium to disseminate and discuss ideas across borders, time, color or creed. Read more.

Law Extending Validity of Philippine Passports to 10 Years (Republic Act No. 10928; full text)

(Today, 2 August 2017, President Rodrigo Roa Duterte signed a new law, Republic Act No. 10928, extending the validity of Philippine passports from 5 years to 10 years. The full text of the law is reproduced below.)

Republic Act No. 10928

An Act Extending the Validity of Philippine Passports, Amending for the Purpose Section 10 of Republic Act No. 8239, Otherwise Known as the “Philippine Passport Act of 1996”, and for Other Purposes

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2017 Bar Exam: Information, Discussions, Tips, Questions and Results

The early bird gets the worm, as they say, so we’re starting the 2017 bar exam thread early. As always, we have separate post to track and centralize discussions on the preparations, schedule and related information for the 2017 bar examination (those who wish to continue discussing the 2016 bar exam, go here). The bar results will also be posted here. This post will be updated from time to time. Feel free to drop by and share your updates through the comment section below. As always, good luck and God bless, ladies and gents.

Proposed Amnesty for Unpaid Estate Taxes

We’ve been consulted on a number of real estate transactions that had to be shelved because of unsettled estate taxes. It’s not because the owners — who inherited the properties — have the intention of evading taxes; it’s just that a lot of people do not know about, or do not give much importance to, the settlement of estate taxes immediately after the death of the original owner. The rule is: if a real estate owner dies, the heirs (spouse, children, etc.) must file the appropriate tax return with the Bureau of Internal Revenue (BIR) and pay the corresponding estate taxes. Unless the estate tax is paid and the BIR issues a Certificate Authorizing Registration (CAR), the Register of Deeds will not allow the transfer of the title to the real estate. The difficiculty of complying with this requirement discourages transactions involving the property, like partition among the heirs and sale of the property itself. There are estate taxes that remain unpaid after decades, with the basic tax, plus interest, penalties and surcharges, potentially exceeding the value of the property. Continue reading

Death Penalty in the Philippines

The incumbent President of the Philippines favors the reimposition of death penalty, also called capital punishment, for certain criminal cases. The lower house of Congress — the House of Representatives — has started the legislative process to enact a law reimposing the death penalty (see House Bill No. 1, proposaing a Death Penalty Law). The debate between those who support the death penalty (“reimpositionists”) and those who oppose it (“abolitionists”) is gaining momentum. With this development, it might be helpful to revisit the history and nature of death penalty in the Philippines. [Feel free to join the discussion, present the pros and cons of the pending bill, through the comment section below.] Continue reading

Discuss: Death Penalty Law (House Bill No. 1; Full Text)

[House Bill No. 1 seeks to reimpose the death penalty in the Philippines. As noted in the bill’s explanatory note, the “imposition of the death penalty for heinous crimes and the ode of its implementation, both subjects of repealed laws, are crucial components of an effective dispensation of both reformative and retributive justice.” To aid in the productive discussion of the subject matter, the complete text is reproduced in this post. Discuss using the comment section below.] Continue reading

Discuss: Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility Act (House Bill No. 2; Full Text)

[House Bill No. 2 seeks to amend Republic Act No. 9344, as amended by Republic Act No. 10630, and reverting the minimum age of criminal responsibility from fifteen (15) years old to nine (9) years old. It was filed at the House of Representatives (First Regular Session, 17th Congress); introduced by Cadiz Representative Fredenil H. Castro and co-sponsored by Davao del Norte Representative Pantaleon D. Alvarez. To aid in the productive discussion of the subject matter, the complete text is reproduced in this post. Discuss using the comment section below.] Continue reading