Civil Law: Syllabus/Coverage for the 2015 Bar Examinations

[See Syllabus/Coverage for Political Law; Labor LawTaxation; Mercantile Law; Criminal Law; Remedial Law; Legal and Judicial Ethics; See also 2015 Bar Exam: Information, Discussions, Tips, Questions and Results]




I. Effect and Application of Laws (Civil Code)

Include: Conflict of Laws (Private International Law)

II. Human Relations (Arts. 19-22, Civil Code)

Exclude: Independent civil actions and prejudicial questions which will be covered by the examinations in Remedial Law


I. Persons and Personality (Civil Code)

II. Marriage (Family Code)

Exclude: Muslim Code (P.D. 1083)

Exclude: Duties of a Civil Registrar under Articles 12-19, 23-25 (Family Code)

Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-10-SC, Rule on Declaration of Absolute Nullity of Void Marriages and Annulment of Voidable Marriages; R.A. No. 6955, entitled “An Act to Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on a Mail Order Basis and Other Similar Practices x x x”; R.A. No. 9208 or the Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003

III. Legal Separation (Family Code)

Exclude: A.M. No. 02-11-11-SC, or the Rule on Legal Separation

IV. Rights and Obligations Between Husband and Wife (Family Code)

Exclude: R.A. No. 7192 or the Women in Development and Nation Building Act; R.A. No. 8187, or the Paternity Leave Act of 1996; R.A. No. 9710, or The Magna Carta of Women.

V. Property Relations of the Spouses (Family Code)

VI. The Family

VII. Paternity and Filiation (Family Code)

VIII. Adoption

A. Domestic Adoption Act of 1998 (R.A. No. 8552)


1. Rule on Adoption (A.M. No. 02-6-02-SC )

2. R.A. No. 9523, entitled “An Act Requiring Certification of the Department of Social Welfare and Development to Declare a ‘Child Legally Available for Adoption’ as a Prerequisite for Adoption Proceedings x x x.”

B. Inter-Country Adoption Act of 1995 (R.A. No. 8043)

Exclude: Articles 183-188, 191-193 (Family Code)

IX. Support (Family Code)

X. Parental Authority (Family Code)


1. Rule on Guardianship of Minors (A.M. No. 03-02-05-SC)

2. Rules on Custody of Minors and Writ of Habeas Corpus in Relation to Custody of Minors (A.M. No. 03-04-04-SC)

3. Solo Parents’ Welfare Act of 2000 (R.A. No. 8972)

4. The Early Childhood Care and Development Act (R.A. No. 8980)

Exclude: R.A. No. 9231, entitled “An Act Providing for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labor and Affording Stronger Protection for the Working Child x x x,” which will be covered under Labor Law

Include: Child Abuse Law (R.A. No. 7610)

XI. Emancipation (Arts. 234 and 236, Family Code, as amended by R.A. No. 6809 which lowered the age of majority)

XII. Summary Judicial Proceedings in Family Law Cases

XIII. Retroactivity of the Family Code (Art. 256)

Exclude: Arts. 254-255, 257 (Family Code)

XIV. Funerals (Arts. 305-310, Civil Code)

Exclude: Care and Education of Children (Arts. 356-363, Civil Code)

XV. Use of Surnames

Arts. 364-369, 369-380, Civil Code (other articles repealed by Family Code)

XVI. Absence (Art. 43, Civil Code; Art. 41, Family Code)

XVII. Civil Registrar

Exclude: Act No. 375 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A. No. 9048


I. Characteristics

II. Classification

III. Ownership

IV. Accession

V. Quieting of Title to or Interest in and Removal or Prevention of Cloud over Title to or Interest in Real Property

VI. Co-ownership

VII. Possession

VIII. Usufruct

IX. Easements

X. Nuisance

XI. Modes of Acquiring Ownership


I. Definition

II. No prescription applicable

III. Prescription or limitation of actions


I. Definition

II. Elements of an Obligation

III. Different Kinds of Prestations

IV. Classification of Obligations

V. Sources of Obligations

VI. Nature and Effect of Obligations

VII. Kinds of Civil Obligations

VIII. Joint and Solidary Obligation

IX. Extinguishment of Obligations


I. Essential Requisites

II. Kinds of Contracts

III. Formality

IV. Defective Contracts

V. Effect of Contracts


I. Definition and Essential Requisites of a Contract of Sale

II. Parties to a Contract of Sale

III. Subject Matter

IV. Obligations of the Seller to Transfer Ownership

V. Price

VI. Formation of Contract of Sale

VII. Transfer of Ownership

VIII. Risk of Loss

IX. Documents of Title

X. Remedies of an Unpaid Seller

XI. Performance of Contract

XII. Warranties

XIII. Breach of Contract

XIV. Extinguishment of the Sale

XV. The Subdivision and Condominium Buyers’ Protective Decree (P.D. 957)

XVI. The Condominium Act (R.A. No. 4726)

Exclude: Electronic Commerce Act of 2000 (R.A. No. 8792); Public Land Law, Retail Trade and Liberalization Act, Bulk Sales Law (Act No. 3952)


I. General Provisions

II. Testamentary Succession

III. Legal or Intestate Succession

IV. Provisions Common to Testate and Intestate Succession

Exclude: Executors and administrators (Arts. 1058-1060, Civil Code), which will be covered under Remedial Law


I. Contract of Partnership

II. Rights and Obligations of Partnership

III. Rights and Obligations of Partners Among Themselves

IV. Obligations of Partnership/Partners to Third Persons

V. Dissolution

VI. Limited Partnership


I. Definition of Agency

II. Powers

III. Express vs. Implied Agency

IV. Agency by Estoppel

V. General vs. Special Agency

VI. Agency Couched in General Terms

VII. Agency Requiring Special Power of Attorney

VIII. Agency by Operation of Law

IX. Rights and Obligations of Principal

X. Irrevocable Agency

XI. Modes of Extinguishment


I. Definition

II. Void Compromise

III. Effect


I. Loan

II. Deposit

III. Guaranty and Suretyship

IV. Pledge

V. Real Mortgage

Include: Act 3135, as amended by R.A. No. 4118

VI. Antichresis

VII. Chattel Mortgage

Include: Act 1508

VIII. Quasi-contracts

IX. Concurrence and Preference of Credits


I. Lease of Things

II. Lease of Work or Services

III. Lease of Rural and Urban Lands

IV. Rights and Obligations of Lessor and Lessee

V. Special Rules for Lease of Rural/Urban Lands

VI. Household Service (Exclude, for inclusion in Labor Law)

VII. Contract of Labor (Exclude, for inclusion in Labor Law)

VIII. Contract for Piece of Work (Exclude, for inclusion in Labor Law)


I. Torrens System

II. Regalian Doctrine

III. Citizenship Requirement

IV. Original Registration

V. Subsequent Registration

VI. Non-registrable Properties

VII. Dealings with Unregistered Lands

1. History of land laws
2. Remedies sufficiently covered under Remedial Law 3. Registration of judgments, orders and partitions
4. Assurance fund
5. Registration of patents
6. Administrative structure of the Register of Deeds 7. Consultas


Book I–Torts

I. Principles

II. Classification of Torts

III. The Tortfeasor

IV. Act of Omission and its Modalities

V. Proximate Cause

VI. Legal Injury

VII. Intentional Torts

VIII. Negligence

IX. Special Liability in Particular Activities

X. Strict Liability

Book II–Damages II.

I. Actual and Compensatory Damages

II. General Considerations

III. Moral Damages

IV. Nominal Damages

V. Temperate or Moderate Damages

VI. Liquidated Damages

VII. Exemplary or Corrective Damages

VIII. Damages in Case of Death

IX. Graduation of Damages

X. Miscellaneous Rules


1. This listing of covered topics is not intended and should not be used by the law schools as a course outline. This was drawn up for the limited purpose of ensuring that Bar candidates are guided on the coverage of the 2015 Bar Examinations.

2. All Supreme Court decisions – pertinent to a given Bar subject and its listed topics, and promulgated up to March 31, 2015 – are examinable materials within the coverage of the 2015 Bar Examinations.