The month of November contains 3 national holidays, with 2 long weekends. The first long weekend is All Saints’ Day in November 1 and the additional special non-working holiday in November 2 declared by the President under Proclamation 1699. That’s from October 31 to November 2 (Saturday to Monday). The second long weekend is from November 27 to November 30 (Friday to Monday), with the Eid’l Adha and the Bonifacio Day lumped together.
Great news for those who love vacations, but this is not the point of this post. Let’s backtrack a bit.
The national holidays are contained in Republic Act No. 9492, which law incidentally adds one more regular national holiday from the usual 10. The law itself makes a distinction between regular holidays and special non-working holidays. There are legal distinctions between the two types of holidays. These distinctions should be discussed in future posts.
The previous Proclamations issued by Malacanang declaring certain days as holidays, explicitly designates that day as special non-working holiday (or, sometimes, special working holiday). The Presidential issuance covering Eid’l Adha, Proclamation 1808, pertinently provides:
NOW THEREFORE I, GLORIA M. ARROYO, President of the Philippines, by virtue of the powers vested in me by law, do hereby declare November 27-28, 2009, Friday and Saturday respectively, as national holidays.
It simply says “national holidays”. Is it a regular holiday? Is it a special non-working holiday? DOLE issued a Labor Advisory that treats November 27 and 28 as regular holidays.
RA 9492 “rationalizes” holidays and declares the Eid’l Adha as a “regional holiday in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao”. Could Eid’l Adha be validly declared under Proclamation 1808 as a national holiday?
These are interesting topics to discuss. And while we’re at it, the number of holidays, including those outside the provisions of RA 9492, seems to increase every year. Whether this practice is beneficial or harmful to the economy and the people’s mindset in the long run is still to be seen. What do you think?
Update: The November 27-28 national holidays were canceled by Malacanang. Malacanang recently issued Proclamation No. 1808-A, amending Proclamation 1808 and now providing that Eid’l Adha is a regional holiday in ARMM. Eid’l Adha is not a national holiday.