Legal Support for the Child and R.A. 9262

Through all the family cases that we’ve handled, we’ve come to accept, without discounting the contrary, the sad fact that bad blood exists between the opposing parties (e.g., estranged spouses in annulment/separation/property cases, siblings and relatives in estate proceedings). In particular, with respect to custody-support cases over children, it’s easily understandable that custody is one of the more contested issues. However, the issue on child support should not be as complicated.

Well, it shouldn’t be as complicated, but reality makes it so.

Articles 195 and 196 of the Family Code enumerate the persons who are under obligation to support each other, thus: (1) The spouses; (2) Legitimate ascendants and descendants; (3) Parents and their legitimate children and the legitimate and illegitimate children of the latter; (4) Parents and their illegitimate children and the legitimate and illegitimate children of the latter; (5) Legitimate brothers and sisters, whether of full or half-blood; and (6) Brothers and sisters not legitimately related, whether of the full or half-blood, except only when the need for support of the brother or sister, being of age, is due to a cause imputable to the claimant’s fault or negligence.

On the other hand, the amount of support should be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and the necessities of the recipient, pursuant to Articles 194, 201 and 202 of the Family Code:

Art. 194. Support comprises everything indispensable for sustenance, dwelling, clothing, medical attendance, education and transportation, in keeping with the financial capacity of the family.

The education of the person entitled to be supported referred to in the preceding paragraph shall include his schooling or training for some profession, trade or vocation, even beyond the age of majority. Transportation shall include expenses in going to and from school, or to and from place of work.

Art. 201. The amount of support, in the cases referred to in Articles 195 and 196, shall be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and to the necessities of the recipient.

Art. 202. Support in the cases referred to in the preceding article shall be reduced or increased proportionately, according to the reduction or increase of the necessities of the recipient and the resources or means of the person obliged to furnish the same.

If you’re a parent, it is safe to assume that you would want the best for your child and you wouldn’t hesitate to provide adequate support. However, it’s unfortunate that when it comes to support for the common children (whether legitimate or illegitimate), so many fathers still fail (or worse, simply refuse) to provide adequate support. Whatever the reason is, and regardless of whether or not these reasons are correct, the problem became pervasive, so much so that Congress saw it fit to “criminalize” (only against fathers) the withholding of support in certain instances. Not everyone knows that this is covered under Republic Act No. 9262, otherwise known as the “Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act of 2004.”

Not everyone also knows that R.A. 9262 provides for criminal sanctions or penalties for failure to provide support or withholding custody, in certain cases. Well, now you know.

121 comments

  1. i am married for 1 year [civil] and has an 8 month old baby. my husband use to threat me whenever we have an argument that he will take our child and cant see them anymore.what kind of case can i file for him and what are my rights as a mother? i am afraid because he works in the government. he told me that he will tell the lawyer that i am irresponsible and all the bad things that he can come up. please help me.

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  2. I don’t see any valid reason why would you want to file a case against your husband. A child below 7 years of age must be with the mother. Your right as mother is to be with your 8months child and demand a financial support for you and your baby.

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  3. kasalkmi ng asawa komay anak kmi isa 12years old,ofw asawa kopabalikbalik n cya yung itong huling uwi nya hnd ko alam nasa probincya na cya yun pala may kikasama ncyang ibang lalake,anu po b pwede ko gawin para marusahan clang dalaw

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  4. hello po,ask ko lng po kong ano ang karapatan ng kapatid kong lalaki sa anak nya,,naghiwalay po sila at nakarating sa barangay,,kapatid ko po ang nagpa brgy.kasi po ayaw ipahiram ang bata,,babae po at tatlong taong gulang po,,,sa barangay po sinabi na ang nanay ng bata dw ang mgdidisisyon kung ipapahiram o ipapakita nya ang anak nila.at tuwing linggo lang nya pwd makita,,4pm to 7 pm lng daw nya pwde mkasama ang bata..wala po bang pantay n karapatan ang kapatid ko pagdating sa bata?anu po ang pwd nyang gawin para mksama nya or mahiram nya ang anak nya…ayaw dw ipahiram kasi baka itakas daw namin ang bata..salamat po

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  5. Hi po atty.pwede ko po ba malaman kung makakasuhan AQ nagkaanak po AQ sa may asawa pero iniwan din po AQ at hiwalay din po sya sa unang asawa nya iniwan nya po ako nung nabuntis ako at ngaun po may bago na kinkasama pangatlo parehas po silang mag asawa na may kinakasama nakpirma po ang ama ng anak ko sa birth nya.. Kya humihingi ako ng para sa bata… At ngaun po nagagalit ang dating asawa dahil daw sya hindi humihingi tapos ako humihingi… Kakasuhan daw ako pwede po ba yon
    Eh ndi naman kmi nagsasama may no.3 at duon nakikisama…

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  6. Good morning po! Ano po ang kasong pwede i-file sa asawang lalaki na ayaw magbigay ng financial support sa anak? Yung asawang babae po ba makakahingi rin ng financial support para sa sarili nya? Kasal po sila nung lalaki. Thank you!

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  7. hello po ask lng po kung sino po may karapatan….
    “ganito yun yung lola ng nanay ko sya may ari ng lupa…tapos nag asawa sya ngayun at nagkaanak…at dun sa lupa nya sila nagtayo ng bahay at nagkapamilya…ngayun namatay lola ng nanay ko at nag asawa ulit ang lolo ng nanay ko at nagkaroon din sila ng pamilya at dun sila tumira…..ngayun matagal na silang mga patay at ang anak at apo ng unang asawa ng lola ng nanay ko ay nanirahan sa ibang lugar at ngayun nmn nagbalik ulit kmi sa bahay ng lola ng nanay ko kasama nanay ko na apo sa 1st wife….at nakatira na sa bahay ay anak ng 2nd wife ng lolo ng nanay ko……may karapatan ba kmi sa bahay since na ang lolo ko ay anak sa 1st wife…at nagpapalayas sa amin anak ng 2nd wife….yung lupa ay sa pangalan ng 1st wife at ang bahay…pero ngayun pinalitan na ng anak ng 2nd wife….at sya daw ang sole at legitimate child ng lola ng nanay ko…pero wala po sila dugo kc sa 2nd wife sila….

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