Legal Support for the Child and R.A. 9262

Through all the family cases that we’ve handled, we’ve come to accept, without discounting the contrary, the sad fact that bad blood exists between the opposing parties (e.g., estranged spouses in annulment/separation/property cases, siblings and relatives in estate proceedings). In particular, with respect to custody-support cases over children, it’s easily understandable that custody is one of the more contested issues. However, the issue on child support should not be as complicated.

Well, it shouldn’t be as complicated, but reality makes it so.

Articles 195 and 196 of the Family Code enumerate the persons who are under obligation to support each other, thus: (1) The spouses; (2) Legitimate ascendants and descendants; (3) Parents and their legitimate children and the legitimate and illegitimate children of the latter; (4) Parents and their illegitimate children and the legitimate and illegitimate children of the latter; (5) Legitimate brothers and sisters, whether of full or half-blood; and (6) Brothers and sisters not legitimately related, whether of the full or half-blood, except only when the need for support of the brother or sister, being of age, is due to a cause imputable to the claimant’s fault or negligence.

On the other hand, the amount of support should be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and the necessities of the recipient, pursuant to Articles 194, 201 and 202 of the Family Code:

Art. 194. Support comprises everything indispensable for sustenance, dwelling, clothing, medical attendance, education and transportation, in keeping with the financial capacity of the family.

The education of the person entitled to be supported referred to in the preceding paragraph shall include his schooling or training for some profession, trade or vocation, even beyond the age of majority. Transportation shall include expenses in going to and from school, or to and from place of work.

Art. 201. The amount of support, in the cases referred to in Articles 195 and 196, shall be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and to the necessities of the recipient.

Art. 202. Support in the cases referred to in the preceding article shall be reduced or increased proportionately, according to the reduction or increase of the necessities of the recipient and the resources or means of the person obliged to furnish the same.

If you’re a parent, it is safe to assume that you would want the best for your child and you wouldn’t hesitate to provide adequate support. However, it’s unfortunate that when it comes to support for the common children (whether legitimate or illegitimate), so many fathers still fail (or worse, simply refuse) to provide adequate support. Whatever the reason is, and regardless of whether or not these reasons are correct, the problem became pervasive, so much so that Congress saw it fit to “criminalize” (only against fathers) the withholding of support in certain instances. Not everyone knows that this is covered under Republic Act No. 9262, otherwise known as the “Anti-Violence Against Women and their Children Act of 2004.”

Not everyone also knows that R.A. 9262 provides for criminal sanctions or penalties for failure to provide support or withholding custody, in certain cases. Well, now you know.


89 thoughts on “Legal Support for the Child and R.A. 9262”

  1. good day atty.
    im 33yrs mother of 2.. d po kmi ksal ng father nla at s ngyn poh ai may asawa n at nsa us dun nag wowork.. 10k lng po pinapadala allowance s mga bta n preho ng nag aaral isang grade 1 at isang high skul, s mahal poh ng mga bilihin ngyon tlaga pong kulang n kulang. at mgkanu po b tlaga ang dpat allowance ng mga bta.. ilang percent po ng sweldo nya..? tnx poh

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  2. Hi Atty. I would like to ask for your advice. My husband has a child with his ex-girlfriend. The child is carrying his surname.. it’s already 2 yrs since the last time my husband provided financial support to the child. But we are planning to support the child starting the first quartet of the year 2014 once he get back from abroad. But the child’s mothet don’t understand that and demanding a financial support right now and is threatening us that she’ll file a case in POEA to ban my husband from working abroad or deport him because of not supporting the child. Do you think that case will prosper even if my husband is willing to support y the chil d? My husband is a seaferer. Please advise. Thank you and God bless!

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  3. hi atty. good day. meron po aq anak na 3 at hiwalay sa asawa q. b4 nagfile aq ng case dhl sa pnanakit ng asawa q kaso d po ntpos un kaso dhl nag ibang bansa aq. now po me kalivevin na asawa q 2 years n po cla nagssma. eh gusto q po sna suportahan ng asawa q mga anak q pede po kya un kun parents q ngfile ng case pra masustentuhan mga anak q? thanks po and more power!

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  4. Good po,,im mae 30y/o may anak po aqng 3yrs old,huli xang sinuportahan ng tatay nung 5months plng xa,,hanggang s nbalitaan qng may nabuntis n nmn pla xa,,ngaiun po buntis po ulet aq,,yung tatay ng pngbubuntis q ngaun gusto po n ipalaglag q to,dq nmn po kya gawin un,pg tinuloy q dw po ito wala dw po makukuha ang anak q mula s knya,isa p po ang dami q po natamong masasamang png iinsulto galing s knya,,anu po b dpt gawin s mga tatay n gnu,,salamat po

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  5. ako po c tricia my 3 anak 8,3,and2yrs old mga illigetimate child po cla nag wwork po ang dady nila sa saudi,matutulungan po ba ako ng poea na mka kuha ng childsupport galing sa ama nila? before po nag papadala cya ng remitance smin pro 2months ago hndi npo cya nag papadala…

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  6. Hi Atty. Can I ask for a template of an Affidavit for Child Support? my ex and i wanted an agreement for child support and visitation rights but wanted it in formal writing. Thank you.

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  7. Good Afternoon Attorney,

    Please do email me once you are free, need to consult something regarding child support..Many thanks in advance, and Gob Bless..

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  8. hi good day,

    Ask ko lang po ano ang mga hakbang na gagawin ko to get financial support ng anak ko, di po kami kasal nong ama nya 2 years old palang po baby namin at gusto ko po sana maging legal ang financial support nya sa anak namin may ibang babae na kasi sya kaya nagkalabuan na kami ang akin lang magkaron na legal financial support para sa anak ko po.
    please email nyo po ano po dapat kong gawin
    Thanks sana po matulungan nyo po ako.

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  9. Good day! Atty. Gusto ko lng po huminge ng advice I’m 30 yr old,with 10 year old daughter,kasal po kme ng una kong asawa but since 2008 we dicide to seperate pero verbal seperation lng po..then ung anak ko po nasa akin po un hanggang. Mag grade 1 nastyble po kase every weekends sa knya po pero nasa kalgitnaan po ng school year in grade 1 hiniram nya po pero hindi na nya binalik at tinrasfer nya dun sa school na malpit sa knya at after nun huminge po ako ng tulong sa dswd,pero nung susunduin na po namen ung bata d na po sumama pero duda po ako na tinatakot nya lng ung bata kase umiiyak ung bata nung sumasagot sya na d na sya sasama..kya po ang ngng arranggement po namen tuwing weekends susunduin ko ang anak po para narin po d nagugulo ung pagpasok nya,at umabot nga po ung ganung arrangement since now pero last december po 2013 d na po pumayag ung x-husband ko na hiramin ko sya almost 3mos ko na po sya d nkikita at kapg pinagpapaalm ko sa knya pag walng pasok at my mga gatherings sa family ko d sya pinapyagan kya po ngrequest po ako nitong march 10 sa municipality police station under child and women desk ng re arrangement para po naman maiblik ung vicitation arrangement kahit weekends sya nasa akin magdadalaga n din po sya at puro lalake naman po ang kasma nila sa bahy. Sabi po kase sa police station if d pumayag ung x-husband ko wala na daw po ako magagawa kase 10 year old na ung anak ko. Anu po ba pwede ko pa pong magawa.can afford ko naman po if itataas ko sa korte gusto ko man po na gawin un wala po ako pngbayad sa abugado.
    Sana po matulungan nyo ako taga cavite po ako nag aalala lng po ako sa anak ko na babae..
    May laban pa po bah ako if umabot sa korte?

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  10. Hi Atty.

    I’m again honey of cavite, may naka pagsavi po saken na pwede po ako magsagawa ng seperation from public atty na katunayan po na hiwalay na kme na x-husband ko at papipirmahan ko sa knya then panonotaryuhan ko sa abugado.
    Pupwede po ba un na hindi na nmen itatas sa korte at maaprubahan po ba un as legally seperated..
    Sana po ay muli nyo ako matulungan upang maging legal ang lahat samen..at esspecially po ung arrangement sa anak namen..

    Thanks po and God bless po,
    Wait po ako ng Advice nyo..
    More Power po….

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  11. good eve atty. ask ko lang po can an nbi visit our home and look for my bf and me for a child support from his wife. does it mean it’s a warrant for him and sa akin na din po ba? Matagal naman din ho silang di nag kikita at tinago niya ang anak nila kahit na po matagal ng hinanap ng bf ko yung wife and son niya….there was no means of communication and just last year 2013 naka receive siya ng message for support ng child and by then ala naman din hong matinong work ang bf ko….as a means ako lang po ang me work sa aming dalawa…and i’m providing for both of us….ask ko lang po if he might go to jail for not supporting the child and if i’m also involve in any ways din ho ba? at bakit me nbi din hong naghahanap sa kanya at sa akin din po….when we haven’t received any notice from the court about child support po….thank you very much….hoping po i could receive a response po….

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