The liability of persons who commit a criminal offense depends on a number of factors. The primary determinant is the degree of participation, whether as a principal, accomplice or accessory.
The following are considered principals: (1) Those who take a direct part in the execution of the act; (2) Those who directly force or induce others to commit it; and (3) Those who cooperate in the commission of the offense by another act without which it would not have been accomplished. Revise/expand the entry on “principal” (click here) at the Legal Wiki Project.
Accomplices are those persons who, not being included in Article 17 of the Revised Penal Code, cooperate in the execution of the offense by previous or simultaneous acts. Revise/expand the entry on “accomplice” (click here) at the Legal Wiki Project.
Accessories are those who, having knowledge of the commission of the crime, and without having participated therein, either as principals or accomplices, take part subsequent to its commission in certain ways. Revise/expand the entry on “accessory” (click here) at the Legal Wiki Project.
You may also choose to discuss these topics below. Please include your citations so it could be used to expand the entries at the Legal Wiki Project. Thank you.
Anyway, Justice_Karl has a query on “principal” at the Bar 2012 post, so this separate post is created to assist in discussing “principal” and to maintain the topic of the Bar 2012 post.